Evolution from Pin-hole to modern sophisticated Film and Digital Cameras. Camera components, functions & uses. Demonstration of different camera models.
Light Sensitive Materials:
Digital Sensors – CCD, CMOS, Foveon X3, BW films and Colour films – Characteristics- sensitivity, contrast, graininess, noise, spectral sensitivity, resolution &colour temperature, Construction of Photographic Paper – BW & Colour.
Fundamentals of light, Lighting techniques, Handling daylight & artificial light, Demonstration of lighting techniques.
Relationship with light intensity & sensitivity, Exposure controls, Daylight & Artificial Light Exposures, Exposure meters, Effect of aperture & shutter speed on the image, Exposure functions, Exposure Meters, Metering systems, Incident and reflected meters, Flash meters.
Electronic Flash, Guide Number, Synchronisation, Determination of Flash Exposure, Thyristor controlled flash, TTL Flash, Studio Flash Units, Accessories for Studio Flash.
Construction of photographic lenses. Type of lenses, their application in photography, Angle of view, Magnification, Resolving power. Demonstration of different lenses.
Depth of Field:
Measurement of sharpness, Circle of confusion, Hyperfocal distance, Variables controlling Depth of Field.
Aesthetics of a Picture:
Elements of a picture, Photographic composition, Forms, feelings, balance, cohesion & aesthetics
Introduction to Digital Photography, Film & Digital – a comparison. File Formats, Resolution, Compatibilities, Digital Camera – Functions & Settings
Types of filters, Behaviour & effect, Filter Factor. Filters in B/W photography, Filters in Colour photography Filters in Digital photography.
Useful Accessories & Camera Care
Common accessories, their requirement & use. Care & maintenance of camera and accessories, Storage of negatives, prints & slides.
Applications of Photography:
Applications: Studio Photography, Wedding Photography, Advertising Photography, Photography in Architecture, Stage Photography, Nature & Wildlife, Scientific Photography, Photojournalism, Digital Photography, Electronic Imaging & Image Processing.
Studio Still-life, Studio Portrait, Shooting Close-ups of flowers, insects and small objects.
Shooting with Camera Mounted Flash:
Event Shoot with Camera Mounted Flash.
Outdoor photography of Birds, Animals, Human activities, Monument.
Evaluation of Shooting results:
Shooting Defects – identification causes & remedies.
The Image editing software -PhotoShop:
Knowing the Image editing software – Work area/Menu Bar/Option Bar/Tool Box/Active Image Area/Brightness & Contrast/Levels/Burning & Dodging Tools/Conversion to BW using Greyscale/De-saturation/Channel Mixer/ Image size/Resolution/Colour correction with Variations/Levels/Using selection tools and learning to make boarders.
Preparing final images for Portfolio Submission:
Image editing of the selected images for the portfolio to be submitted.
Making the Portfolio:
Making of the file for hard copy portfolio submission and a soft copy on a PowerPoint Presentation.
Assignment – descriptive type.
Final theory examination – descriptive type.
Final practical examination.
Indoor & Outdoor Shootings:
Students will shoot in the studio – 1. Portraits, for which they can ask their friends or relations to, serve as models. 2. Still Life, for which they can bring, any object what they want to shoot 3. Close-up: of flowers, insects or any other small objects. (Several still life objects will also be available in the studio provided by the institute)
Students will have two outings to shoot Birds, Animals, Monuments, people etc.
Submission of Portfolio:
Students will have to submit a portfolio of a Total of Ten Prints.
Seven 8 x 10 inches (20.3 x 25.4 cm) Black & White prints and Three 8 x 10 inches (20.3 x 25.4 cm) Colour prints.
The portfolio must include one print each of 1. Birds/Animals, 2. Buildings/Monuments, 3. People in daily life, 4. Studio Portrait, 5. Studio Still Life, 6. Flash Exposure and 7. Close-up. 8, 9 & 10 Three colour photographs of any subject, of the student’s choice.
The shooting, digital editing of the Black & White and Colour prints to be submitted must be entirely the work of the student. Processing of colour film and all digital prints will be done from commercial labs.
Submission will be in the form of a file with hard copy prints and a soft copy in the form of a PowerPoint Presentation.