Zone System of Photography:
Concepts of Zone System, 18% Grey, Choosing Appropriate Exposure. Reflected light meter, TTL meter – Centre weighted, Spot, Matrix, 3D matrix, Incident light meter, Flash meters, The dome and its use, Cosine corrected meters. Drawbacks of Reflected & Incident meters,
Response curve. Geography of the characteristic curve. Gamma value. Effect of Exposure on characteristic curve. Subject brightness range & Exposure latitude. Effect of development on characteristic curve. Effect of variations in film development. Characteristic curve of different paper grades. Characteristic curve of different paper surfaces. Obtaining proportional contrast in prints. Reciprocity Law its effect in BW & Colour.
Photographing with Contre-jour lighting, Daylight portraits with reflectors, Shooting Panning shots, Market Place, Festivals, Fairs, Architecture and landscapes.
Theory of visual perception; Figure ground relationship; Illusions; Viewing angles : normal / abnormal; Perspective; Symmetry & Asymmetry
Colour Theory: Additive & Subtractive. Colour Composition; Colour Harmony; Colour Balance; Psychology of colour. Print & Slide Film. Colour Processing: C – 41, E – 6. EP – 2, RA – 4, R – 14. Reversal Printing from Slides
Group critiquing on famous pictures. Art appreciation & criticism
Shooting techniques & lighting techniques:
Multiple exposures; Zooming; Focus tracking; Lunar & solar shots / astronomical shots; Night exposures; Open Flash; Slow & Fast Shutter Speed; Small & Big Aperture; Panning; Attachments of studio flash:- Reflectors; Barn doors / cutters; Snoot; Mini spot; Umbrella; Soft box / strip light; Light Panel; Honey comb; Gobo; Flash Meters; Choice & Impact of Backgrounds; Creating different lighting set-ups: Dark Field & Bright Field Illumination; Axial lighting, Lieberkuhn Lighting Rim Lighting, Lighting Scientific Objects, Ring Lighting,
Print Control Techniques & Special Printing techniques:
Contrast controls, Contrast Control with Multi-Grade Paper, Controlling Density: Intensification & Reduction,
Graininess control, Controlling tones: Burning & dodging, Controlling distortions : Tilting easel –use small aperture with tilting, Curving the printing paper, Vignetting :To remove unwanted surrounding; Photogram; Bas-relief; Tone down; Tone separation; Solarization; Texture addition; Superimposition; Montage
Photomacrography & Slide Duplication
Use of Close-up lens, Extension Tube & Extension Bellows, Reversal Rings, Macro Lens / Enlarging lens. Photomacrographic Shooting with Extension Tubes & Extension Bellows. Slide duplication & copying systems.
Effect of exposure:
Shooting Still-Life with varying exposures: over, correct & under; Studying & Evaluating the varying exposure variations through Histogram
Learning Adobe PhotoShop:
Setting up Adobe PhotoShop Preferences; Knowing – Work Area, Menu Bar, Option Bar, Tool Box, Active Image Area; Working with – Brightness & Contrast, Levels, Burning & Dodging, Cloning and other Tools; Working with – Palettes & using Palette well, Hue & Saturation, Curve, Sharpening. Working with – Layers, Using Transformation to control Perspective
HDR & Panoramic Images
Making High Dynamic Range Images, Panoramic images by stitching
Making Digital Bas-Relief, Tone Separation, Composites
Studio Shooting using Special Lighting Techniques
Studio Shoots with Special Lighting Techniques. Shooting with Mixed Light. Shooting Textures for Superimposition. Shooting with Multiple Exposure options
Product Photography Shoots, Model Photography Shoots, Shooting Pictorial Portrait, Shooting Pictorial Still-life, Shooting Pictorial Table-top, Food Shots, Free Shooting Sessions (Student’s choice)
Group critiquing of each other’s portfolio
Final Practical Examination
Shooting topics – Selective focus, Unusual angles, Warm & Cool colours, Harmonious colours, Hard & Soft light, Humorous picture; Street Children; Pavement Hawkers; Market place; Candid outdoor people/portraits; Night shots – Streets / Markets / Performances / lit-up buildings & use of open flash.
The portfolio must contain the following:
- Two photographs each to show / compare the effects of using:
- Slow Shutter speeds
- Fast Shutter speeds
- Big aperture
- Small aperture